Pre K


There are many cities such as San Antonio, Denver, New York City, etc with pre-k programs. The funding is a combination of federal, state, philanthropy and local tax revenue (lottery, sales).

Florida, Georgia and Oklahoma are the three states in the US with some form of universal pre-k.

San Antonio currently has city wide Pre-k that is funded by a 1/8 cent sales tax and has a budget of $36.5 million for FY 2015
San Antonio Pre-k Funding


Texas currently funds a half-day (3-hour) public school pre kindergarten program for 4-year-olds who are:

  • Economically Disadvantaged
  • English Language Learners (ELL)
  • Children of Military
  • In Foster Care
  • Homeless

Research shows these students, who have the most to gain, receive the greatest benefit in terms of early learning from enrollment in a full-day, educationally focused pre-k program. High-quality pre-k can close early learning gaps and give each child an equal opportunity to succeed in kindergarten and beyond.

Texas currently enrolls roughly 230,000 students in public school pre-k. While Texas is one of the largest and most accessed public pre-k programs in the country, it ranks 29th in state pre-k spending nationally and meets only minimal quality standards as defined by national early childhood education experts.
Raise Your Hand Texas – Pre K in Texas


  • We propose a full day (9-5) of pre kindergarten for Texas residents.
  • Create a city or county pre kindergarten program similar to San Antonio and Shelby County and other U.S. cities but funded with a higher Hotel Occupancy Fee
  • Close corporate loopholes in the state sales tax
  • Reallocate some of the $800 million wasted on border security
  • Create a city or state Public Bank to fund free pre kindergarten
  • Reform the Gas Tax to fund free state-wide pre kindergarten
  • Create a count-wide pre k system modeled after other US counties. Homes valued at $250k would pay an extra $20 a year in property taxes
  • Create a state-wide pre k system modeled after other provinces in Canada
  • Create a city-wide pre k program similar to the city of seattle would cost a median home owner roughly $20 a month
  • Create a city or county pre k program similar to the city of denver for 4 year olds, funded by a 15 cent sales tax on items over $100

Texas Constitution
Code – Education Code
Chapter – 41 Equalized Wealth Level
Chapter – 42 Foundation School Program

NIEER – How Stable Is Funding for State Pre-K?

Kenney: Soda Tax Could Raise $400 Million for Pre-K, Parks, Jobs

Harris County Department of Education

NEA – Policy Makers Should Consider Full-Day Preschool

Enriching Children, Enriching the Nation

EPI – Pre-k investment pays off for every state within 9 years, on average within nine years, on average

NPR – No Child Left Behind, Pre-K Programs Could Be On New Congress’ Agenda

NPR – Seeing success, conservative Oklahoma banks on universal preschool

US News – Setting the Record Straight on State Pre K Programs

Think Progress – Senate Democrats Push Universal Pre-K Amendment For No Child Left Behind Fix

Think Progress – Georgia’s Universal Preschool Program Significantly Improves Children’s Skills

Think Progress – Texas’ Less Than ‘Gold Star’ Pre-K Proposal Is Still Much Better Than Many States

Florida – Funding for VPK and Related Programs

Raise Your Hand Texas – Pre-K Advocacy

OECD – The U.S ranks 28 in the percentage of 4 year old’s in early childhood education, with a 69% enrollment rate.

Houston ISD – Pre-K

New York will begin universal pre-kindergarten

City of San Antonio – Pre-K for San Antonio

Houston Chronicle – House passes ‘gold standard’ pre-K bill

10 Cities In The US And Around The World Providing Pre-Kindergarten

CAP – The United States Is Far Behind Other Countries on Pre-K

Universal pre-K is a long tradition in France, and one that American parents might envy.

WAPO – Is Oklahoma the right model for universal pre-K?

The Prospect – Rural, conservative, impoverished Oklahoma has built the nation’s brightest model for early education.

National Journal – You May Be Surprised By The States That Support Pre-K

New York Times – State-Financed Preschool Access in the U.S.

New York Times – What Preschool Means in Sweden

Governor plans to pump $50 million into Georgia’s pre-k programs

Georgia free pre-k program

Georgia Lottery – $16 billion goes to pre-k and education programs

Texas AFT – Senate Committee Approves Governor’s Pre-K Plan, But Questions Linger

The Nation – The Secret to Funding Universal Pre-K Is Buried in the Tax Code

New York City’s Mayor Proposes Free Universal Preschool for 3-Year-Olds

Georgia’s Universal Preschool Program Significantly Improves Children’s Skills

Next City – Philadelphia Universal Pre-K Gets a Funding Boost

Next City – Preschool in Parks Fans Say Model Could Save Millions for Universal Pre-K

Next City – 12 Cities Team Up on Universal Pre-K

Funding the Future: States’ Approaches to Pre-K Finance 2008 Update

How Tennessee’s pre-K bill could affect education in Texas

USA Today – State of Indiana sets sights on universal pre-K program

Pasadena ISD earns $1.5 million Pre-K grant

The Atlantic – Why Britain Said ‘Yes’ to Universal Preschool

The Atlantic – Why Does America Invest So Little in Its Children?

The Atlantic – What Boston’s Preschools Get Right

The Atlantic – Big Plans for Toddlers in San Antonio

The Atlantic – Why the Mountain West Is Still Holding Out on Pre-K

Texas Tribune – Texas Education Agency Recommends Pre-K Class Size Limits

Huffington Post – These Cities Want The Country To Focus More On Access To Preschool

New Republic – Why America Never Had Universal Child Care

Cincinnati Pre School Promise

Primer: Cincinnati Public Schools levy – Preschool Promise

Vancouver Sun – Opinion: Real-world guidance for B.C.’s proposed $10-a-day child care plans

How to understand that controversial study of Quebec daycare

How Cities and Counties Are Taking the Lead on Child Care

Germany rules parents with no day care options can sue cities for lost earnings

Houston Press – Entitled to What?

Seattle voters OK preschool measure

Voters in Seattle just taxed themselves to pay for preschool for the poor

Denver leaders plan to ask voters to extend, raise sales tax for preschool program

Tempe could spend $3 million annually on free preschool for children living in poverty

ACT plans to introduce free universal childcare for three-year-olds

Report: Universal Pre-K in Montgomery County Could Cost Up to $128 Million Annually

St. Paul explores a sales tax to subsidize citywide preschool for 3- and 4-year-olds

How universal free preschool in DC helped bring moms back to work

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