President Obama signed the Agricultural Act of 2014, or the 2014 Farm Bill, which featured Section 7606 allowing for universities and state departments of agriculture to begin cultivating industrial hemp for limited purposes. Specifically, the law allows universities and state departments of agriculture to grow or cultivate industrial hemp if:
“(1) the industrial hemp is grown or cultivated for purposes of research conducted under an agricultural pilot program or other agricultural or academic research; and
(2) the growing or cultivating of industrial hemp is allowed under the laws of the State in which such institution of higher education or State department of agriculture is located and such research occurs.”
The law also requires that the grow sites be certified by—and registered with—their state.
In 2015, a bipartisan group of U.S. Senators introduced the Industrial Hemp Farming Act of 2015 which would allow American farmers to produce and cultivate industrial hemp. The bill would remove hemp from the controlled substances list as long as it contained no more than 0.3 percent THC.
At least 28 states have laws in place related to industrial hemp. Generally, states have taken three approaches: (1) establish commercial industrial hemp programs, (2) establish industrial hemp research programs or (3) authorize studies of industrial hemp or the industrial hemp industry. Some states establishing these programs require a change in federal laws or a waiver from the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency prior to implementation. Please click on the states in the map below for more information or see the complete list of state statutes.
- Allow Texas universities to study and research hemp
- Permits a person to “plant, grow, harvest, possess, process, sell and buy industrial hemp” and require registration with the Dept of Agriculture annually.
- Define industrial hemp with a concentration of thc level of less than 0.3% (similar to 7 other states)