Equal Pay

equal pay
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Despite passage of the Equal Pay Act of 1963, which requires that men and women in the same work place be given equal pay for equal work, the “gender gap” in pay persists. Full-time women workers’ earnings are only about 78 percent of their male counterparts’ earnings. The pay gap is even greater for African-American and Latina women, with African-American women earning 64 cents and Latina women earning 56 cents for every dollar earned by a white non-Hispanic man. Decades of research shows that no matter how you evaluate the data, there remains a pay gap — even after factoring in the kind of work people do, or qualifications such as education and experience — and there is good evidence that discrimination contributes to the persistent pay disparity between men and women. In other words, pay discrimination is a real and persistent problem that continues to shortchange American women and their families.
White House – Equal Pay: Understand the Basics


  • Pass a city ordinance prohibiting city agencies, city contractors and private employers from asking about salary history on paper and online applications but allow inquiries in interviews.
  • Pass a city ordinance prohibiting city contractors and sub contractors from using forced arbitration
  • Pass laws similar to other states:
    • No discrimination or retaliation for discussing wages (12 states)
    • Can’t reduce another employee’s pay to comply with law (20 states)
    • No discrimination/retaliation for involvement in legal proceedings (37 states)
    • Employer liable for compensatory damages (34 states)
    • Employer liable for costs and reasonable attorney’s fees (29 states)
    • Prohibit private sector employers from asking about salary history on paper and on-line applications but exempt interviews


  • Pass a comprehensive package to raise wages for Texas working families
  • Amend Texas constitution so that discrimination applies to all employers regardless of the number of employees. (current state law only applies to employers with 15+ employees)

Texas Constitution
Code  – Labor Code
Chapter – 21 Employment Discrimination
Code – Government Code
Chapter – 659 Equal Work, Equal Pay

NPR – To Shine A Light On Salary Gaps, Obama Wants Companies To Disclose Pay Data

NPR – ‘Pay Secrecy’ Policies At Work: Often Illegal, And Misunderstood

White House – FACT SHEET: New Steps to Advance Equal Pay on the Seventh Anniversary of the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act

NCSL – Equal Pay

Institute for Women’s Policy Research – Pay Secrecy and Wage Discrimination

Institute for Women’s Policy Research – The Economic Impact of Equal Pay by State

Huffpost Politics – States Take Lead On Equal Pay, With Legislation Stalled In Congress

Huffpost Politics – Kroger, Macy’s Face Boycott Call After Opposing Texas Equal Pay Bill

Huffington Post – This Woman Finally Figures Out How To Get Equal Pay

Huffington Post – California Expands Equal Pay Law To Include Protections For Race And Ethnicity

The Guardian – 45 years after the Equal Pay Act, there’s still a long way to go

The American Prospect – Why Ledbetter Isn’t Enough

CNN – California toughens its equal pay law

Rolling Stone – Meet the Woman Trying to Smash the Gender Pay Gap

The Atlantic – The U.S.’s ‘Strictest’ Equal-Pay Law Is About to Go Into Effect

The Atlantic – One Way to Ensure Equal Pay for Men and Women

The Atlantic – One Tech Company Just Erased Its Gender Pay Gap

The Prospect – Why Ledbetter Isn’t Enough

Think Progress – How States Are Leading The Way On Equal Pay For Women

Think Progress – Rick Perry Vetoes Equal Pay Bill

Think Progress – Massachusetts Becomes First State Ever To Ban Employers From Asking For Salary Histories

Think Progress – New York City Lawmaker Wants To Ban Salary Histories

Think Progress – New Jersey lawmakers want to outlaw salary histories

Think Progress – Nation’s capital wants to ban salary histories

Marie Claire – These States Are Actually Doing Something About Equal Pay

Business Journal – Washington could revise its equal pay law for the first time since 1943

National Women’s Law Center – Closing the Loophole: The Paycheck Fairness Act and Eliminating Caps on Damages

National Women’s Law Center – The Lilly Ledbetter Act Five Years Later: A Law That Works

NAACP – Supported Legislation to Correct a Loophole in Pay Discrimination Passes Congress

Fortune – One issue ignored in the Republican debate: equal pay

Forbes – Equal Pay For Equal Work Seems Like A No-Brainer, Right?

Vox – Maryland has passed one of the nation’s strongest equal pay laws

Washington Post – The best way to eliminate the gender pay gap? Ban salary negotiations

Slate – The Tenure Take Back

Slate – To Narrow Wage Gap, Congress Might Ban Employers From Asking for Salary History

Slate – Equal Pay Legislation Banning Salary History Questions Is Absolutely Based in Data

Kansas City Star – Mississippi is one of 4 states with no equal-pay laws

Progress Texas – Top Ten Facts About Equal Pay in Texas

San Antonio Express – Equal pay debate shifts to attorney general’s office

Dallas News – Wendy Davis says Greg Abbott has fought equal pay for women in the courtroom

Alaska Dispatch News – Can a prospective employer ask for a W-2 as proof of salary history?


CBS – Santa Clara Co. Supervisors Push Forward On Equal Pay Ordinance

Business Journal – Albuquerque City Council Passes Equal Pay Ordinance

Arizona Central – Phoenix approves plan to fight gender pay gap

Philly employers will soon be barred from asking your salary history

Huffington Post – One City Takes a Giant Step for Equal Pay

Mayor Kasim Reed to Sign Equal Pay Legislation for Women Employees

Patch – LA Looks to Ban Employers from Asking About Salary History

Comcast threatens to sue Philly over salary history ban

Persistent gender wage gap prompts San Diego to explore equal pay law

How Cincinnati’s new Salary Equity Ordinance aims to narrow the wage gap

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